Patrick Crusius has been charged with hate crimes resulting in death, hate crimes involving an attempt to kill, use of a firearm to commit murder and in relation to a crime of violence, and use of a firearm during and in relation to a crime of violence, according to the indictment unsealed Thursday.
CNN has reached out to Crusius' attorneys for comment.
Crusius is accused of killing and harming the victims “because of the actual and perceived national origin of any person,” the indictment states.
US Attorney John F. Bash told reporters the indictment was a “significant step” toward seeking swift and certain justice for the victims and said it was “tremendously important” to citizens of the United States and Mexico.
“This attack deeply scarred this community,” Bash said.
The alleged shooter is expected to make his first appearance in federal court on February 12.
Federal prosecutors said he could face death penalty on each of the charges linked to the people who were killed and up to life in prison for the charges involving the surviving victims.
El Paso attack compared to ‘violence wrought' by Klan, DOJ says
Eric Dreiband, assistant attorney general for the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice, said Thursday the alleged shooter tried to terrorize an entire community and the attack clearly met the federal definition of domestic terrorism.
“This hate crime may be considered an act of domestic terrorism, as have other hate crimes throughout our history, like the violence wrought by white supremacists and the Ku Klux Klan,” Dreiband told reporters.
After announcing the charges, Bash noted the DOJ's first mission was to fight the Klan and now the agency is facing a “resurgent threat of violence motivated by race, national origin and other categories.”
Suspect pleaded not guilty to capital murder in Texas
He has been in custody at the El Paso County Detention Facility since his arrest in August and is awaiting trial on the state capital murder charge. Federal prosecutors said they will be trying their case in parallel to the state case.
El Paso County District Attorney Jaime Esparza has said he intends to seek the death penalty. Capital murder is the most serious charge in Texas and prosecutors can use it when a defendant is accused of killing multiple victims.
“We support the indictment by the U.S. Attorney's Office as one more way of holding the shooter accountable,” Esparza said in a statement. “The District Attorney's Office will continue to work hard to ensure that justice is done and that the shooter is held accountable by our community.”
Authorities say the suspect drove 11 hours from his hometown of Allen, Texas, outside Dallas, to El Paso with the sole intent of killing immigrants and Mexicans in the West Texas border city.
About 20 minutes before the massacre, the suspected shooter is believed to have posted a 2,300-word manifesto, titled “The Inconvenient Truth,” in which he employed white supremacist language, stated his opposition to “race mixing” and encouraged immigrants to return to their home countries.
“This attack is a response to the Hispanic invasion of Texas,” Crusius wrote, according to the indictment. “They are the instigators, not me. I am simply defending my country from cultural and ethnic replacement brought on by the invasion.”
The indictment states Crusius authored the document some time before the shooting, and purchased a GP WASR-10 semiautomatic rifle and 1,000 rounds of hollow-point ammunition online on June 19 of last year.
CNN's Amanda Watts contributed to this report.
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